In finance, an Electronic trading platform is a computer system that can be used to place orders for financial products over a network with a open outcry and telephone based trading.
Electronic trading platforms typically stream live market prices on which users can trade and may provide additional trading tools, such as charting packages, news feeds and account management functions. Some platforms have been specifically designed to allow individuals to gain access to financial markets that could traditionally only be accessed by specialist trading firms such as allowing high-frequency trading.
The term ‘trading platform’ is generally used to avoid confusion with ‘trading system’ which is more often associated with the trading method or strategy rather than the computer system used to execute orders within financial circles.
The first electronic trading platforms were typically associated with stock exchanges and allowed brokers to place orders remotely using private dedicated networks and dumb terminals. Early systems would not always provide live streaming prices and instead allowed brokers or clients to place an order which would be confirmed some time later; these were known as ‘request for quote‘ based systems.
Trading systems evolved to allow for live streaming prices and near instant execution of orders as well as using the internet as the underlying network meaning that location became much less relevant. Some electronic trading platforms have built in scripting tools and even APIs allowing traders to develop automatic or algorithmic trading systems and robots.
The client trading turrets (this may be true, but is probably a misuse of the term, as trading turret refers to the specialized phone appliance used by traders).
Trading platform standards
- Authentication (Passwords, Authentication Tokens such as secureID cards; or digital certificates)
- Transactions recording standard
- Pricing and slippage standard
- Electronic communication network (ECN)
- Retail forex platform
- Stock market data systems
- Straight-through processing (STP)
- Technical analysis software
- Trading system
- Trading room
- Automated trading system
- Comparison of electronic trading platforms
- “Trading Platforms”. IBS Intelligence. http://www.ibsintelligence.com/index.php?option=com_labels&view=label&label=tradingplatforms. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
- NFA (December 2007), NFA Manual
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article electronic trading platform, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.